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China and India have both decided to expand their navies by building their own aircraft carriers. Both nations began by refurbishing Russian carriers before designing and building their own. China was able to refurbish the former Russian carrier it purchased and learned a lot while turning an unfinished Kuznetsov class carrier, the Varyag, into the Type 001 carrier Liaoning (CV-16).

中國和印度都決定建造自己的航空母艦,來發展自己的海軍。這兩個國家在設計和建造自己的航空母艦之前,都是先翻新俄羅斯的航空母艦。中國將一艘未完工的庫茲涅佐夫級航空母艦“瓦良格”號進行翻新,改造為了001型航空母艦 “遼寧號”(CV-16),同時在這一過程中學到了很多東西。

India did not have the resources to do the refurbishing so they hired Russian firms to do the job. That was a disaster. The 45,000 ton Vikramaditya was originally a Russian Kiev class carrier that served in the Russian Navy from 1987 to 1995 but was then withdrawn from service because Russia could not afford to keep the carrier operational. The ship was put up for sale in 1996 and in 2005. India agreed to buy it if a few changes could be made. India ended up paying over $2.3 billion to refurbish the Kiev class ship and turn it into the Vikramaditya, which entered service in 2014.

而印度,沒有能力對航空母艦進行翻修,所以他們請俄羅斯公司來進行這項工作,這是一場災難,這艘4.5萬噸重的“維克拉瑪蒂亞”號原本是俄羅斯的基輔級航空母艦,1987年至1995年曾在俄羅斯海軍服役,但后來由于俄羅斯負擔不起航空母艦的運行費用而退役。這艘船于1996年和2005年被俄羅斯拿出來出售,最終,印度同意,如果航空母艦進行一些改裝的話,可以購買這艘航空母艦。印度最終斥資23億美元翻修了這艘基輔級航空母艦,并將其改造成2014年服役的維克拉瑪蒂亞號。



China’s second aircraft carrier (CV-17 Shandong) was launched in April 2017. That was 25 months after construction began. This Type 001A carrier turned out to be (based on photographic comparisons and information officially released by the government and unofficially by many who live or work in or near the shipyard) 315 meters (1,033 feet) three percent longer that CV-16 and displaces 72,000 tons (11 percent more than CV-16). Obvious differences are a slightly (about 10 percent) smaller control tower and about ten percent more flight deck area.

中國的第二艘航空母艦(CV-17山東號)于2017年4月下水,這是航母開工之后的第25個月,這艘001A型航空母艦(根據照片對比和政府正式發布的信息,以及許多在造船廠或造船廠附近生活或工作的人非正式發布的信息)長315米(1033英尺),比CV-16長3%,排水量為72000噸,比CV-16多11%,兩艘航母明顯的區別在于CV-17有一個更小(小約10%)的控制塔臺,飛行甲板面積比前者大約10%。

China admitted the CV-17 existed in 2016 and called it a Type 001A ship rather than Type 001 because it is slightly different from its predecessor. The 2016 announcement revealed more details, some of them already obvious. CV-17 is considered a new design but based on CV-16 (Liaoning). That first carrier was a 65,000 ton, 305 meter (999 feet) long ship that was itself a modified version of the last Cold War Russian carrier design. In 2016 China confirmed that CV-17 would also have the ski jump deck like Liaoning and would be somewhat heavier and incorporate new design features that would enable it to carry more aircraft (mainly the J-15) in a larger hanger deck (just below the flight deck) as well as more fuel and aircraft weapons. Since then photos of CV-17 under construction indicate that it also incorporates design features that will make it more capable of surviving combat damage as well as operating more efficiently and effectively as a carrier. In addition to the Chinese built J-15 fighter, the new carrier will also have some early-warning radar aircraft as well as some anti-submarine aircraft as well as some helicopters. CV-17 could apparently operate about 20 percent more aircraft than CV-16 (50 fixed wing and helicopters versus about 40).

中國在2016年正式公開了CV-17的存在,并稱其為001A型航母,而不是001型,因為它與其前身略有不同,2016年的公開信息披露了更多細節,其中一些已經很明顯,CV-17被認為是基于CV-16(遼寧號)新設計的,而CV-16遼寧號航空母艦是一艘65000噸、305米(999英尺)長的船,它本身就是冷戰時期俄羅斯最后一艘航空母艦的改進版。2016年,中國證實,CV-17也將擁有像遼寧號一樣的滑躍平臺,而且噸位會更大一些,并有一些新的設計,使其能夠攜帶更多的飛機(主要是J15)以及更多的燃料和武器。正在建造中的CV-17航母照片顯示,它融入了一些新的設計特點,使它更容易在戰斗損傷中幸存下來,并作為一艘航空母艦更有效、更高效地運行。除了中國制造的殲-15戰斗機外,新的航空母艦還將擁有一些預警機以及一些反潛機和直升機。很明顯的,CV-17可以比CV-16多運行20%的飛機(50架固定翼飛機以及直升機VS約40架)。



The Chinese navy is rapidly expanding with new Chinese warship designs built in Chinese shipyards and the construction is completed on time. That is the primary Chinese advantage, one that naval rival India is unable to compete with.

中國海軍正在迅速擴張,中國造船廠設計建造新的中國軍艦,并按時完工,這是中國的主要優勢,而這,是作為海軍競爭對手的印度,無法與之匹敵的。